Principles and objectives of sports nutrition
Sports nutrition is regarded as the application of nutrition in order to improve sporting performance, whilst also maintaining optimal health, sufficient recovery and adequate stimulus adaptation to training. Ensuring that sports nutrition is applied effectively is critical for allowing the athlete to train and perform to their best ability. The higher the level of sporting performance, the more the small marginal gains play a huge role in determining who will be victorious. Therefore, it can be said that the worlds best performers have their sports nutrition optimised to ensure they can perform at the highest level constantly. To ensure this, there are some principles and objectives that must be addressed. These are discussed below.
Principles of sports nutrition
To optimise athletic performance, its essential to be consuming enough nutrients to main a good energy balance. This is important for maintaining body composition and functioning
Balance of macronutrients
Ensuring the correct breakdown of each macronutrient as well as in the correct quantities is vital to enhance sporting performance. Its critical these recommendations are individualised
Maintaining an adequate level of hydration, known as euhydration, its vital for thermoregulation, muscle functioning and preventing heat related conditions, like cramps and heat stroke